Cat Vaccinations

In the UK, the standard vaccination contains protection against three diseases - Feline calicivirus, Feline herpesvirus and Feline panleukopenia
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The first two are two common causes of what is known as 'cat flu' but there are other causes of 'cat flu' that are not included in this vaccine. These diseases can cause disease of the respiratory tract (nose, nasal passages, airways and lungs), also eye problems and mouth ulcers.

Panleukopenia results in severe gut disease followed by often fatal changes in the blood cells. Thanks to vaccination, it's not seen often these days but outbreaks do occur. 

Vaccinations available against other cat diseases are included depending on the circumstances of the individual. The most commonly given is against Feline Leukaemia virus. This disease suppresses the cat's immune system and most cats die within 3 years of diagnosis. It's recommended for outdoor cats and those that live with other cats. 

Cats in the UK are not usually vaccinated against rabies unless they are taken to holiday abroad as part of the Pet Passport plan, or are being exported to a country that requires Rabies vaccination. Other less common vaccines include those against Chlamydophila felis and Bordetella bronchiseptica. Your vet will advise you if your cat requires either of these.
 
It is recommended that all cats receive a primary course of two doses of the combined vaccine plus any additional required vaccines from 9 weeks of age onwards. If you have acquired an adult cat with an unknown vaccination history, you should consult a vet about how best to protect your new pet.

After their primary course, they should be vaccinated again a year later. How often they should be vaccinated after that depends on their lifestyle (indoor or outdoor cat) and whether they are in close contact with other cats.